The hottest Japanese media cautiously commented th

2022-08-08
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Japanese media cautiously commented that the negotiation of oil and gas fields in the East China Sea may encounter difficulties

according to the Global Times published on July 28, China and Japan began the negotiation of concluding a treaty on the development of oil and gas fields in the East China Sea for the first time on July 27. This issue, which is regarded by Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan as a "symbol of Strategic Reciprocal Relations", has attracted great attention from Japanese media. Different from the previous exposure of "sense of expectation", the Japanese media became cautious after the official start of the dialogue. They believed that this would be a "protracted war". A Chinese expert told the global times on the 27th that what made this dialogue difficult was that there were still people in Japan who could not face up to the fact that the "Chunxiao" (Japan called "Baihua") oil and gas fields were China's sovereignty. But sitting down and talking is a good start

according to Kyodo News Agency 27, the Japanese representative attending the negotiation is Akiro Saiki, Asia Pacific director of the Ministry of foreign affairs of Japan, and the Chinese representative is Ning Fukui, director of the Department of border and ocean affairs of the Ministry of foreign affairs of China. In the morning of the same day, the two sides exchanged views with each other at the Ministry of foreign affairs of Japan. On the basis of the agreement reached in June 2008, the two sides discussed the proportion of Japanese investment in the "Chunxiao" oil and gas field and the ways for the two sides to jointly develop the "Longjing" oil and gas field (called "Yihui" in Japan)

according to Professor Liu Zhongmin, who has long been engaged in the study of sea power issues, China and Japan reached a consensus on the development of oil and gas fields in the East China Sea in 2008, marking out a joint development zone of more than 2600 square kilometers. According to Japanese media, after too long-term development, the agreement includes: the two sides promise to jointly develop the sea area near the "Longjing" oil and gas field on equal terms; Japan will contribute to the "Chunxiao" oil and gas field independently developed by China and distribute rights and interests in proportion. In terms of the distribution of rights and interests in the development of the "Chunxiao" oil and gas field, former Japanese Prime Minister Hatoyama believed that "it is difficult to advocate a 50-50 share", so the proportion of recognition and acceptance of Chinese capital contribution accounts for more than 50%. However, this policy was opposed by some Japanese rightists and others, who advocated equal rights and interests with China. This also led to the shelving of this issue for a time. In May this year, when visiting Japan, Chinese leaders reached a consensus with Japanese leaders on starting negotiations on the conclusion of the treaty as soon as possible, which gave the two sides the first opportunity to have a dialogue on the conclusion of the treaty

Japanese media have devoted a high degree of attention to this dialogue. As early as the news that China and Japan will hold the first dialogue on the conclusion of the treaty came out on the 20th, it immediately appeared on the pages of major Japanese media and was highly praised, full of "a sense of expectation" for this topic. Japan's Asahi published an editorial saying, "the biggest 'outstanding case' between China and Japan - the East China Sea oil and gas field problem, the cost fell by 5% to 20%, surpassing many obstacles, and finally came to the 'road' of concluding the treaty", expressing a warm welcome to China's positive actions

but when the dialogue officially began on the 27th, the tone of the Japanese media seemed to suddenly become cautious, and most media believed that this would be "a difficult negotiation". Japan's "Daily" said on the 27th that it has been two years since China and Japan reached a consensus on joint development in 2008. Although it has finally entered into specific discussions, it is expected that there will be many difficulties in the negotiation of a subject related to the national interests of marine resource allocation. Kyodo news agency quoted Japanese government officials as saying that issues related to the proportion of capital contributions and the distribution of interests are expected to be difficult to coordinate, and the talks will not be hasty and will be a "protracted war". The Japanese right-wing media Sankei brought up the old story again, saying that the topic of shelving the actual impact resistance of the experimental object, which can be accurately measured, was because of the criticism that "too much concessions have been made to the Japanese government" in China, and the Chinese navy has been "intimidating" Japan's surveillance activities in the waters near the oil and gas fields. Although the dialogue has begun, it will still be difficult. Japan's NHK television station warned that Japan needs to make clear what attitude China takes to deal with the first negotiation on the 27th. Japan needs to pay attention to China's measures, and then promote dialogue and strive to conclude a treaty (with China) at an early date

for Japan's cautious attitude, Liu Zhongmin analyzed that it is largely because there are still many people in Japan striving to achieve a goal, which is to create the "middle line" principle advocated by Japan in fact. He said that some people in Japan always confuse a problem, that is, Japanese enterprises participate in the development of "Chunxiao" oil and gas fields in the form of joint ventures, that is, "shelving sovereignty and joint development". But in fact, there is an essential difference. There is no sovereignty dispute over the "Chunxiao" oil and gas field, so there is no "shelving the dispute" at all. If this difference is not resolved, the negotiation between the two sides will be very difficult. Liu Zhongmin reminded that the Chinese side should pay attention to the fact that it cannot be passively led by the so-called "middle line" on the issue of the distribution of interests between China and Japan

Gengxin, deputy director of the JJC new Japan Institute in Japan, although he also believes that it is difficult to make substantive progress in this negotiation, and it is difficult to reach a short-term agreement on the proportion of capital contribution, benefit distribution and other issues, he said that this meeting can reach a consensus on the atmosphere. For Asians, atmosphere is very important. It is a good start for both sides to sit down and negotiate on this matter

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